From Medscape

The War on Error: Common Diagnostic Errors

Diagnostic Errors in Patients With Pulmonary Symptoms
These five clinical cases illustrate how diagnostic reasoning can go awry when patients present with pulmonary complaints.

Diagnostic Error in the Patient With Rheumatologic Symptoms
Joint symptoms can be the harbinger of a range of conditions, from relatively benign to life-threatening. Are you able to correctly diagnose these patients?

Diagnostic Errors in Patients With Eye Symptoms
Although some eye-related symptoms are fairly common, others can be indicative of serious conditions. Are you able to distinguish the two correctly?

Diagnostic Error in Patients With Neurologic Symptoms
Misdiagnosis in patients with neurologic symptoms may result in ineffective and potentially toxic treatment.

Diagnostic Error in Patients With Cardiac Symptoms
Six different cases involving diagnostic errors in patients who presented with cardiac symptoms are described by Dr Michael Blaha.

Diagnostic Error in Patients With Urologic Symptoms
Are this man's symptoms related to his prostate or his bladder? Can you treat a UTI over the phone? These and other questions are addressed in this slideshow.

Diagnostic Error in Patients With Ear, Nose, or Throat Symptoms
Dr Gordon Sun describes diagnostic errors he often encounters in patients with ear, nose, or throat symptoms.

5 Diagnostic Errors to Avoid: The Patient With GI Symptoms
At least 1 in 20 adults will experience a diagnostic error this year. You can at least avoid these five common diagnostic errors in gastroenterology.

5 Diagnostic Errors to Avoid: The Patient With Infectious Disease
Be sure to avoid the five common diagnostic errors in infectious diseases that are illustrated in these cases.

5 Diagnostic Errors to Avoid: The Patient With Urgent Symptoms or Injuries
Patients with urgent symptoms can present anywhere—including in primary care. Read our case-based review of five common diagnostic errors when evaluating patients with acute symptoms or injuries.

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Any views expressed above are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.

Editor's Note:
In late 2015, the authors of the landmark IOM report To Err Is Human reported that error is (still) human, noting that little progress has been made in reducing diagnostic errors in the 15 years since publication. This wakeup call has led to a renewed focus on recognizing and preventing the most common errors. In a new series, Medscape has asked experts across the healthcare spectrum to provide their insights on the most common errors in their own fields.