Development and Validation of a Clinical Risk Model to Predict the Hospital Mortality in Ventilated Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

A Population-Based Study

Weiyan Ye; Rujian Li; Hanwen Liang; Yongbo Huang; Yonghao Xu; Yuchong Li; Limin Ou; Pu Mao; Xiaoqing Liu; Yimin Li

Disclosures

BMC Pulm Med. 2022;22(268) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

Abstract

Background: Large variability in mortality exists in patients of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), especially those with invasive ventilation. The aim of this study was to develop a model to predict risk of in-hospital death in ventilated ARDS patients.

Methods: Ventilated patients with ARDS from two public databases (MIMIC-III and eICU-CRD) were randomly divided as training cohort and internal validation cohort. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and then Logistic regression was used to construct a predictive model with demographic, clinical, laboratory, comorbidities and ventilation variables ascertained at first 24 h of ICU admission and invasive ventilation. Our model was externally validated using data from another database (MIMIC-IV).

Results: A total of 1075 adult patients from MIMIC-III and eICU were randomly divided into training cohort (70%, n = 752) and internal validation cohort (30%, n = 323). 521 patients were included from MIMIC-IV. From 176 potential predictors, 9 independent predictive factors were included in the final model. Five variables were ascertained within the first 24 h of ICU admission, including age (OR, 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01–1.03), mean of respiratory rate (OR, 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01–1.08), the maximum of INR (OR, 1.14; 95% CI: 1.03–1.31) and alveolo-arterial oxygen difference (OR, 1.002; 95% CI: 1.001–1.003) and the minimum of RDW (OR, 1.17; 95% CI: 1.09–1.27). And four variables were collected within the first 24 h of invasive ventilation: mean of temperature (OR, 0.70; 95% CI: 0.57–0.86), the maximum of lactate (OR, 1.15; 95% CI: 1.09–1.22), the minimum of blood urea nitrogen (OR, 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01–1.03) and white blood cell counts (OR, 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01–1.06). Our model achieved good discrimination (AUC: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.73–0.80) in training cohort but the performance declined in internal (AUC: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.69–0.80) and external validation cohort (0.70, 95% CI: 0.65–0.74) and showed modest calibration.

Conclusions: A risk score based on routinely collected variables at the start of admission to ICU and invasive ventilation can predict mortality of ventilated ARDS patients, with a moderate performance.

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