Preoperative Frailty and Chronic Pain After Cardiac Surgery: A Prospective Observational Study

A Prospective Observational Study

Britta C. Arends; Leon Timmerman; Lisette M. Vernooij; Lisa Verwijmeren; Douwe H. Biesma; Eric P. A. van Dongen; Peter G. Noordzij; Heleen J Blussé van Oud-Alblas


BMC Anesthesiol. 2022;22(201) 

In This Article


Postsurgical chronic pain is common in elderly cardiac surgery patients. Preoperative polypharmacy, living alone, physical frailty, living alone and lower mental HRQL were positively associated to chronic pain following cardiac surgery. Secondly, chronic pain was associated with worse physical HRQL following cardiac surgery. The results of our study advocate that early identification of these factors may be used to identify older patients at risk for chronic pain after cardiac surgery.