Risk Factors of Postoperative Septic Cardiomyopathy in Perioperative Sepsis Patients

Yuchang Xin; Ying Ge; Liuhui Chang; Yong Ni; Hairui Liu; Jiang Zhu


BMC Anesthesiol. 2022;22(193) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


Objective: This study aimed to clarify the relevant risk factors of septic cardiomyopathy (SCM) in perioperative sepsis patients.

Methods: This retrospective study evaluated patients who were diagnosed with sepsis during the perioperative period and postoperatively admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, and the Suzhou Municipal Hospital between January 2017 and November 2020. They were divided into two groups as the septic cardiomyopathy group (SCM group) and the non-SCM group (NSCM group). Factors with P < 0.1 were compared between groups and were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression to screen the risk factors of sepsis cardiomyopathy. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to verify the discriminative ability of multivariate logistic regression results. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test was used to verify the calibration ability of multiple logistic regression results.

Result: Among the 269 patients, 49 patients had SCM. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.535, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.186–1.821, P = 0.000]) and endoscopic surgery (AOR = 3.154, 95% CI: 1.173–8.477, P = 0.023]) were identified to be independent risk factors for SCM. Patients with a SOFA score ≥ 7 had a 46.831-fold higher risk of SCM (AOR =46.831, 95% CI: 10.511–208.662, P < 0.05). The multivariate logistic regression results had good discriminative (area under the curve: 0.902 [95% CI: 0.852–0.953]) and calibration (c2 = 4.401, P = 0.819) capabilities. The predictive accuracy was 86.2%. The rates of mechanical ventilation and tracheotomy were significantly higher in the SCM group than in the NSCM group (both P < 0.05). The SCM group also had a significantly longer duration of mechanical ventilation (P < 0.05) and significantly higher rates of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and CRRT-related mortality (P < 0.05). Further, the total length of stay and hospitalization cost were significantly higher in the SCM group than in the NSCM group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Endoscopic surgery and SOFA score ≥ 7 during postoperative ICU admission were independent risk factors for SCM within 48 hours postoperatively in patients with perioperative sepsis.