Wine, Chocolate, and Coffee: Forbidden Joys?

Thomas F. Lüscher


Eur Heart J. 2021;42(44):4520-4522. 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


Graphical Abstract: Cardiovascular effects of wine, coffee, and chocolate: protective effects are shown in green and harmful effects in red colour. DCM, dilated cardiomyopathy.


Life is more than work, also for dedicated cardiologists; thus, we enjoy wine, drinks, sweets, and coffee—are these forbidden joys or are they possibly even protective? That is here the question! The answer is more complex than a simple yes or no—so, let us consider the evidence seriously.