The Effect of Anesthesia Depth on Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation of Ventricular Tachycardia

A Retrospective Study

Hongquan Dong; Nana Li; Zhaochu Sun


BMC Anesthesiol. 2021;21(285) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


Background: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) as a safe and effective method has been widely used in ventricular tachycardia (VT) patients, and with which anesthesiologists frequently manage their perioperative care. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different anesthetic depths on perioperative RFCA and recurrence in patients who with intractable VT and could not tolerate an awake procedure.

Methods: We reviewed electronic medical records of patients with VT who underwent RFCA by general anesthesia from January 2014 to March 2019. According to intraoperative VT induction, they were divided into two groups: non-inducible group (group N) and inducible group (group I). We constructed several multivariable regression models, in which covariates included patient characteristics, comorbidities, protopathy and bispectral index (BIS) value.

Results: One hundred one patients were analyzed. Twenty-nine patients (28.7%) experienced VT no induction, and 26 patients (25.7%) relapsed within 1 year. Compared with group I, the proportion of patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy in group N were higher (P < 0.05), and the recurrence rate of VT was significantly higher (51.7% vs 15.3%) (P < 0.05). The BIS value in group N was significantly lower (P < 0.01), in addition, the BIS < 40 was associated with elevated odds of VT no induction compared with a BIS > 50 (odds ratio, 6.92; 95% confidence interval, 1.47–32.56; P = 0.01). VT no induction was an independent predictor of recurrence after RFCA (odds ratio, 5.01; 95% confidence interval, 1.88–13.83; P < 0.01).

Conclusion: Lower BIS value during VT induction in RFCA operation was associated with high risk of VT no induction, which affects postoperative outcomes. We proposed that appropriate depth of anesthesia should be maintained during the process of VT induction.