Racial Discrimination From Patients

Institutional Strategies to Establish Respectful Emergency Department Environments

Anita Nandkumar Chary, MD, PhD; Mariam Olivia Fofana, MD, PhD; Harajeshwar Singh Kohli, MD, JD, MIA


Western J Emerg Med. 2021;22(4):898-902. 

In This Article


Institutional responses to interpersonal racism can empower emergency physicians to address discrimination from patients in real time. Rather than relying solely on targets of racial discrimination to accommodate or directly respond to patients, we advocate for institutional responses to promote respectful and supportive workplace environments.