The Safe Practice of Female Genital Plastic Surgery

Heather J. Furnas, MD; Francisco L. Canales, MD; Rachel A. Pedreira, MD; Carly Comer, MD; Samuel J. Lin, MD, MBA; Paul E. Banwell, BSc (Hons), MBBS, FRCS (Eng), FRCS (Plast)


Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2021;9(7):e3660 

In This Article


Overall satisfaction rates after labiaplasty are high, mostly more than 90%.[3–35,40] Labiaplasty is associated with a significant improvement in self-esteem and a significant drop in the labia's negative impact on intimacy, twisting, physical discomfort, clothing restriction, pain, exposure in a bathing suit, and visible outline in tight pants.[3,7] In a prospective study of 62 patients, all patients had symptomatology before labiaplasty; after surgery, 93.5% were symptom-free.[7] Patient outcomes studies after vaginal tightening show an associated improvement in sexual function, sexual satisfaction, desire, and orgasm. Complication rates include 2% inadvertent rectal entry and a low rate of minor complications without long-term sequelae.[18,114,118,127,128]