Ventricular Tachycardia With Epicardial and Pericardial Fibrosis 6 Months After Resolution of Subclinical COVID-19

A Case Report

Jonathan Solaimanzadeh; Aaron Freilich; Michael R Sood

Disclosures

J Med Case Reports. 2021;15(305) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

Abstract

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been shown to have extensive effects on the cardiovascular system. Its long-term cardiac manifestations, however, remain unclear.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a Caucasian patient with a mild and self-limited presentation of COVID-19, with subsequent development, months later, of exertional dyspnea and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, long after resolution of his illness and after returning to aerobic exercise. The patient had normal screening tests including electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiogram 4 months after his illness. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated epicardial and pericardial fibrosis of the right ventricle free wall and outflow tract and the pericardium over the anterior wall, 6 months following the initial infection. First abnormal ECG was recorded at month 7 following illness.

Conclusions: This case suggests an insidious and possible long-term cardiac involvement and reflects the challenges in traditional workups and screening modalities in identifying cardiac involvement in COVID-19.

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