Decreasing Pain and Increasing the Rate of Chronic Wound Closure With the Use of a Noninvasive Bioelectronic Medical Device

A Case Series

David Charles Hatch, DPM; Michael Lavor, MD


Wounds. 2021;33(5):119-126. 

In This Article


This study has many limitations. Further research is needed on both the study device and ES as advanced modalities in wound healing. All measurements and treatment modalities were directed by a single, direct–observer physician, which maintains a risk of bias in data collection and reporting. This study was originally designed to take place over the course of 8 weeks; however, 2 patients did not complete this total treatment time. An option for time to wound closure as the end goal of treatment was not provided. Although 2 patients had achieved complete wound healing as of the time of this writing, the majority of the wounds present at the beginning of the investigation remained open, but those wounds continued to demonstrate healing with the use of the UHF-ES device.