The Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause

Nancy A. Phillips, MD; Gloria A. Bachmann, MD


Menopause. 2021;28(5):579-588. 

In This Article


Healthcare providers can make a significant impact on the health and quality of life of women by being proactive about discussing and providing interventions for the genitourinary syndrome of menopause, which encompasses vulvovaginal atrophy, as well as all the symptoms related to estrogen deficiency in the vagina, vulva, and lower urinary tract. A systematic approach with consideration of current guidelines and attention to developing protocols of interventions being studied should be employed.