Emergency Physician Survey on Firearm Injury Prevention

Where Can We Improve?

David A. Farcy, MD; Nicole Doria, MD; Lisa Moreno-Walton, MD, MS, MSCR; Hannah Gordon, MD, MPH; Jesus Sánchez, PhD; Luigi X. Cubeddu, MD, PhD; Megan L. Ranney, MD, MPH


Western J Emerg Med. 2021;22(2):257-265. 

In This Article


Selection bias is always present when a survey is sent to one or more large organizations by email; it is likely that respondents have stronger feelings or opinions about the survey topic. Another limitation associated with survey studies is the potential for over- or under-reporting of results due to inaccuracies attributable to social desirability or recall biases. However, social desirability bias has been shown to be less likely to occur with online surveys, such as ours, where no personal identifiers are involved and responses are more accurate than those obtained from face-to-face or telephone surveys.[47,48] This study is subject to a geographic bias, since most respondents were from the East coast of the US, although geographic bias is far more likely to impact results when surveys are done in various countries whose socioeconomic, religious, and political climates may vary considerably.