Plastic Surgery Complications: A Review for Emergency Clinicians

Tim Montrief, MD; Kasha Bornstein, MSc; Mark Ramzy, DO, EMT-P; Alex Koyfman, MD; Brit J. Long, MD


Western J Emerg Med. 2020;21(6):179-189. 

In This Article


We decided by consensus which studies to include for the review. When available, systematic reviews and meta-analyses were preferentially selected. These were followed sequentially by randomized controlled trials, prospective studies, retrospective studies, case reports, and other narrative reviews when alternate data were not available. There is a notable absence regarding the discussion of plastic surgery complications in the EM and critical care literature. A total of 114 resources were used for the construction of this narrative review.