The COVID-19 Pandemic and Silver Linings For Patient-Centered Care

Ardis Davis; Amanda Weidner; Julie Moretz; Ned Holland; Beth Bortz; Arturo Martinez-Guijosa

Disclosures

Ann Fam Med. 2020;18(6):570-571. 

Before the COVID-19 pandemic hit in 2020, the Association of Departments of Family Medicine concluded work in partnership with the Family Medicine for America's Health (FMAHealth) initiative regarding the addition of a public member to its Board of Directors.[1,2] Through this work, ADFM engaged public and patient members of family medicine organizations' Boards of Directors[2] to reflect on the intent of these roles in organized family medicine. Underpinning all of the efforts to engage the public and patients in the work of organized family medicine is a conviction to ensure we are putting the patient and welfare of the public and our communities at the center of what we do. An irony reported in 2019 by Stollenwerk et al is that realizing the promise of patient-centered care is easier to articulate than to implement.[3] This irony has become a new reality as Alexander and Perkins reported in July 2020 with the pandemic providing a stark wake-up call to change care delivery and to change how we train and prepare doctors for the future.[4] They note that "in response to COVID-19, we and others were able to transform the health care system in a matter of weeks." Meanwhile, Krist, DeVoe and colleagues also reported in July 2020 that primary care had to reinvent itself to protect clinicians and staff and while remaining connected to patients.[5]

The patient and public members of family medicine organizations' Boards engaged in conversations about how these recent realities arising with the advent and progression of COVID-19 are "silver linings" which allow the true patient-centeredness of care to shine through. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted how the promise of patient-centered care is not just aspirational. The ways the practice of family medicine has maintained the connection to patients during the chaos of COVID-19, and has highlighted the visibility of the value of this level of patient-centeredness, are noteworthy. Here we share the silver linings that emerged from these conversations as important issues to continue to watch unfold as we all make our way through and out to the other side of this pandemic.

  • People are listening. People are listening to primary care in new ways now—we have the opportunity to talk about primary care and the importance of keeping our health care workforce intact and safe like never before.

  • Receptivity to change. New and familiar partners are being brought to the table to consider changes in health plans and optimal care of populations and communities, not just individual patients. COVID-19 has pinpointed the criticality, and shortcomings, of care of vulnerable populations.

  • Exposure of a broken system. Related to the above point regarding receptivity to change is the way the pandemic has raised the stark, ugly reality of how broken our health care system is. At the root of the problem is how poorly aligned the US business model for health care is with the needs of our populations and communities. In addition to being part of the solution for change, physicians need to fully understand our hospital and procedure-centric business model for health care and why this has failed amidst COVID-19. Physicians need to receive training at all levels about the business of medicine in our country and to use their enhanced knowledge to work toward a more efficient and equitable model. COVID-19 has exposed this potentially critical gap in training and continuing medical education for all physicians.

  • Teamwork. A hallmark of primary care, teamwork, has always been an aspirational goal. With COVID-19, teamwork is happening in organic and seamless ways as the altered universe of "normal" has dictated a new level of health professionals working together to care for patients and communities.

  • Family as care team member. Through COVID-19, there is a newfound appreciation for the role of the family in the care of patients. With the need for strict policies keeping people away from inpatients during the COVID-19 pandemic, family members/support persons normally critical to care of patients in hospitals are not available to assist with care. This has led some physicians to write orders for a support person to be present in the care of patients.

  • Enhanced communication. Communication has been enhanced on multiple levels as all of us respond to the reality of COVID-19. There is the patient-centered level of communication related to translating patient care materials for diverse populations; there is enhanced communication at the organizational level through active use of already existing list-serves and other communication platforms as leaders learn from one another about on-the-ground challenges and solutions; there is the enhanced ability for collaboration among professionals in organizational conversations through the onset of virtual meetings, with unprecedented frequency and utility.

A final and concluding point is that these conversations with public and private members took place before there was subsequent heightened awareness of racial injustice in our country. Many of the "silver linings" touched on here are part and parcel with health equity. As Alexander and Perkins note, in this time of forced change, "why not create something better than normal?"[4] The true realization of these "silver linings" will be the lasting change brought about by institutionalizing the ones which truly lead to a more just and equitable system of care and a safer world for all.

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