A Pesco-Mediterranean Diet With Intermittent Fasting

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James H. O'Keefe, MD; Noel Torres-Acosta, MD; Evan L. O'Keefe, MD; Ibrahim M. Saeed, MD; Carl J. Lavie, MD; Sarah E. Smith, PHD; Emilio Ros, MD, PHD


J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020;76(12):1484-1493. 

In This Article


For millennia, the traditional Mediterranean diet has been based predominantly on fresh whole foods, such as vegetables, fruits, nuts, and olive oil, with fish from the sea. This style of eating bestows a range of health benefits, especially with respect to long-term cardiovascular health and longevity. The Pesco-Mediterranean diet with daily time-restricted eating (window of 8- to 12-h) and emphasis on consuming fish and seafood as the principle sources of animal protein, is proposed as an ideal cardioprotective diet.