Using Music to Develop a Multisensory Communicative Environment for People With Late-Stage Dementia

Amy Clare, DClinPsych; Paul M. Camic, PhD; Sebastian J. Crutch, PhD; Julian West, BA; Emma Harding, Bsc; Emilie Brotherhood, Msc


Gerontologist. 2020;60(6):1115-1125. 

In This Article

Video Analysis

Several studies looking at the impact of music on people with dementia and carers have used video analysis (e.g., Engström, Marmstål Hammar, Williams, & Gotell, 2011; Ragneskog, Asplund, Kihlgren, & Norberg, 2001). Many of these studies have used quantitative measures to analyze video data but there have been no studies, found to date, that sought to develop a conceptual understanding of communication using video analysis. According to Konecki (2011) visual grounded theory can be used to generate theories, construct categories, and describe properties, which account for a visual social process. Griffiths (2013) and Griffiths and Smith (2016) used visual grounded theory methodology with people with severe and complex learning disabilities and determined it has the potential to uncover and explain patterns of nonverbal interactions that would not have been revealed previously.