The Role of Diet and Nutrition in Migraine Triggers and Treatment

A Systematic Literature Review

Nada Ahmad Hindiyeh, MD; Niushen Zhang, MD; Mallory Farrar, PharmD; Pixy Banerjee, MPharm; Louise Lombard, MNutr; Sheena K. Aurora, MD


Headache. 2020;60(7):1300-1316. 

In This Article


Migraine is a disabling primary headache disorder with high societal impact. Several studies have reported a link between diet triggers and migraine, but the associations need to be confirmed by high-quality longitudinal studies. Certain dietary interventions may help to improve clinical outcomes in some people with migraine, but these findings still need to be supported with robust evidence before being recommended for use in clinical practice.