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This transcript has been edited for clarity.
Welcome to Impact Factor, your weekly commentary on a new medical study. I'm Dr F. Perry Wilson from the Yale School of Medicine.
For those of you like me, with young kids, summer vacation has started. It's a very different summer vacation from what we are used to, with camps across the country closed and many of us still working from home.
But it's time that we turn our sights to the school year to come. It's clear to me that the lynchpin of any type of economic recovery rests with getting kids back to school; it simply is not feasible for many of us to work while our kids are at home. And no, I'm not an economist, but Emily Oster of Brown University is, and she has been sounding this alarm for months now.
Although we've all gotten better at remote learning over the past few months, I'd be hard-pressed to find anyone willing to argue that the quality of education is as high via Zoom as it is in person.
So how do we get kids back to school? I have been somewhat disappointed by the guidance put out by the CDC and even the American Academy of Pediatrics, which uses relatively broad and sometimes vague language, providing a lot of wiggle room.
The CDC, for example, says that when transmission in the area is minimal, schools should "work with your local health officials to determine a set of strategies appropriate for your community's situation." Fine. I get it. Big agencies don't like to be prescriptive.
But that doesn't stop us.
I have been reading guidelines, opinion pieces, essays, and manifestos from a variety of sources this week, and have cobbled together this list of a dozen ideas that can help schools open. Are they good ideas? I'm not sure. But right now, ideas are what we need. And we have about 2 months to weigh the pros and cons.
I present these in no particular order, though as you'll see, some ideas sort of piggyback off of others. Let's get started.
Idea 1: Kids don't move, teachers do. Kids enter the classroom and stay there. We avoid walking through hallways and the socialization that might occur. Teachers, wearing masks, rotate through the classrooms to address the different subjects.
Idea 2: Batch-testing of classroom cohorts. I don't see a way to make any of this work without a lot of testing. I think batch testing is a great option here. Basically, an entire classroom of kids will do a nasal swab and combine results into a single test. If negative, great — you're good to go. If positive, the classroom does remote learning for 2 weeks while everyone gets tested. I think these tests should occur weekly. There are 55 million school-age kids in the US. So that's, say, 5 million classrooms. That's about a million tests a day. We are currently doing around 700,000 in the rest of the country. We should ramp up to achieve this goal.
Idea 3: Get outside. A lot. Staying in the classroom all day leads to a lot of pent up energy. We need more recess. Not 15 minutes twice a day; a couple of hours a day, at least. Transmission rates are lower outside. Where and when feasible, teaching can happen outside as well.
Idea 4: Get creative with classroom orientation. Consider putting kids in a circle as opposed to a rectangle, maximizing the distance that projected droplets will travel. And speaking of droplets, let's vent classroom air to the outside, using simple fans in the windows, if nothing else.
Idea 5: Let's see how masking works. I was pessimistic about kids complying with wearing a mask when this all started, but mine don't honestly seem to mind that much. That said, we need to be understanding that depending on the child, masking effectively may not be possible. Teachers, on the other hand, can set a good example by masking up.
Idea 6: Institute a no-sniffles policy. I'll admit that I've sent my kids to school with worse physical ailments, but given the mild nature of COVID-19 in kids, we need to be pretty cautious here. Any symptoms, however small, means a kid should stay home — and do remote learning, if possible.
Idea 7: Remote learning needs to be a flexible option for all children. There are kids who are at risk who would be best served staying home. There are kids who live with at-risk adults who may want to stay home. I think these decisions should be left to the parents, but regardless of the decision, they still need to learn. Schools need to have an online parallel curriculum of some kind.
Idea 8: Protect teachers. Teachers, being adults with more impulse control, are in a much better position to protect themselves than children are, but they are clearly at higher risk. Teachers who feel unsafe at school might be the perfect ones to run the parallel remote curriculum. Teachers need a clean school, kids who understand the risk, and personal protective equipment. And if I hear one story about a teacher spending money out of his or her own pocket to buy masks or cleaning equipment, I am going to lose it.
Idea 9: Teach the kids what is going on. We don't need to scare them, and we need to make the education age-appropriate, but it is just as important to teach why we are washing our hands as how to wash our hands.
Idea 10: Get the kids to school safely. Parents who can drop their kids off should be encouraged to do so, to thin out the buses and public transportation options. Kids should wear masks when traveling to and from school. And — sorry, cool kids — school buses should have assigned seats.
Idea 11: Smaller classroom cohorts are better. This can be achieved by using non-classroom space in the school as classrooms, since we don't want the kids walking through the halls to go to gym, art, or music, anyway. Of course, with more classrooms, we'll need more teachers. It may be time for an initiative to recruit a crop of teachers who may not have the standard credentials (typically a master's degree). Think Teach For America — on steroids.
Idea 12: Clean. We need more custodial staff, too. One thing you can't keep kids from doing is using the bathroom. Disinfecting should be frequent.
These are not all the ideas there are, and they may not be the best ideas, but we need to start this dialogue now. Some things, like keeping kids in a single classroom, is not a huge lift. But other things, like a nationwide schoolchild testing strategy, would be an enormous effort — a "Manhattan Project" for our children.
But I, for one, can't think of a better way to spend our efforts.
F. Perry Wilson, MD, MSCE, is an associate professor of medicine and director of Yale's Program of Applied Translational Research. His science communication work can be found in the Huffington Post, on NPR, and here on Medscape. He tweets @methodsmanmd and hosts a repository of his communication work at www.methodsman.com.
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Any views expressed above are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.
Cite this: 12 Ideas for Getting Kids Back to School - Medscape - Jul 08, 2020.