The Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Older Adults

Patrick P. Coll, MD, AGSF; Vivyenne Roche, MD, AGSF; Jaclyn S. Olsen, DO; Jessica H. Voit, MD; Emily Bowen, MD; Manish Kumar, MD


J Am Geriatr Soc. 2020;68(5):1098-1106. 

In This Article

The Epidemiology and Impact of CVD in Older Adults

CVD remains the leading cause of death in high-income countries.[1] CVD is also responsible for a significant amount of disability and dependency.[2] The incidence and prevalence of CVD increases with increasing age.[3] Several medical conditions, including hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus, are important risk factors for CVD. Race, socioeconomic status, and lifestyle choices, including diet, exercise, alcohol intake, and tobacco use, are additional risk factors for the development of CVD.[1] Stroke, CAD, and peripheral artery disease (PAD) are common CVDs in older adults. There have been significant improvements in the prevention and treatment of CVD in the past 25 years. Most of these improvements have occurred in high-income countries.[1]