Pharmacy Students Teaching Prescription Writing and Nonprescription Product Selection to Medical Students

Sheila M. Allen, PharmD; Marlowe Djuric Kachlic, PharmD; Louise Parent-Stevens, PharmD


Am J Pharm Educ. 2020;84(3):6972 

In This Article


Twenty of the 22 pharmacy student volunteers completed the survey administered prior to the prescription writing workshop. All 22 volunteers completed the post-workshop survey. The pharmacy students' baseline work experience and small group facilitation experience are presented in Table 1. The pharmacy students' responses regarding confidence in their ability to teach the material presented in the workshop to the second-year medical students as well as the perceived receptivity of the medical students to their teaching are presented in Table 2.

One hundred forty-three of the 200 second-year medical students completed the pre-workshop survey, and 103 of 200 completed the post-workshop survey. The medical students' ratings regarding their confidence in the material presented during the workshop as well as their confidence in the pharmacy students' ability to teach prescription writing to them are depicted in Table 3. The medical students saw pharmacists as having an important or very important role in the healthcare team both before and after the workshop (93% and 98%, respectively). After the workshop, 93 (90%) of the medical students felt that the workshop would be "helpful" or "extremely helpful" to them as they moved forward in their clinical experiences.

All second-year medical students passed the prescription writing portion of the OSCE conducted at the end of the semester. The College of Pharmacy faculty members that coordinated the workshop also graded the prescription writing OSCE and created a list of common errors made, which were given to the medical students at the next IPE workshop. Commonly made errors included inappropriate use of National Provider Identifier (NPI) and Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) numbers; incorrect use of "may not substitute"; and failure to include all parts of a sig.

Prior to the OTC Drugs Selective, 68 third-year medical students responded to the pre-selective survey. Of those, 36 (54%) participated in the selective. Twenty-five of the medical students who participated in the selective completed the post-selective survey. After participation in the selective, the medical students were significantly more likely to indicate familiarity with online resources for looking up nonprescription medications, feel more confident making recommendations for patients on non-prescription medications, and feel more confident about counseling patients on their use of non-prescription medications (Table 4). The medical students who participated in the selective were not significantly more likely to ask patients about their use of non-prescription medications than medical students who did not participate in the selective.