The Year in Cardiology

Heart Failure: the Year in Cardiology 2019

John G.F. Cleland; Alexander R. Lyon; Theresa McDonagh; John J.V. McMurray

Disclosures

Eur Heart J. 2020;41(12):1232-1248. 

In This Article

Palliative Care

Morphine relieves chronic breathlessness in patients with chronic lung disease but data for heart failure are sparse. An RCT of 45 patients failed to demonstrate important clinical benefits of morphine administration to patients with HFrEF or HFpEF predominantly in NYHA functional class III.[150]

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