The Year in Cardiology

Heart Failure: the Year in Cardiology 2019

John G.F. Cleland; Alexander R. Lyon; Theresa McDonagh; John J.V. McMurray


Eur Heart J. 2020;41(12):1232-1248. 

In This Article


The past year has brought many new concepts and an abundance of new data on the nature, management, and outcome of heart failure. The pace of change is accelerating. We look forward to an exciting new decade of research. The prognosis of cardiovascular disease is determined to a large extent by the ability to delay or prevent the development and progression of heart failure.[1] Accordingly, attention is shifting to earlier diagnosis of and intervention for heart failure. Patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)[2] or coronary artery disease (CAD)[3] have a relatively good prognosis unless plasma concentrations of natriuretic peptides are increased, indicating important cardiac or renal dysfunction. Adoption of a simple 'Universal Definition' of heart failure based on natriuretic peptides would facilitate early diagnosis and treatment but lead to an enormous increase in its prevalence and demand upon medical services.[4] We need to prepare for the impending shock.