Post-Traumatic Osteoarthritis Following ACL Injury

Li-Juan Wang; Ni Zeng; Zhi-Peng Yan; Jie-Ting Li; Guo-Xin Ni


Arthritis Res Ther. 2020;22(57) 

In This Article

Prevention of PTOA

Obviously, prevention of the initial injury is the most effective tool to manage PTOA since there is still a lack of treatment methods.[3,25] ACL injury prevention programs play a significant protective role, reducing the incidence of ACL injury by 53%.[26] A systematic review shows that neuromuscular and educational interventions reduce the incidence of ACL injuries by approximately 50%.[27] It has also been suggested that multicomponent injury-prevention training programs, such as strengthening, plyometrics, agility, balance, and flexibility, along with feedback and proper technique for improving lower extremity biomechanics and decreasing landing forces offer great benefits for the protection against ACL ruptures.[26] Prevention programs have been developed for specific sports. For instance, FIFA 11+ is a dynamic field warm-up program designed to decrease the injury risk in soccer. A study demonstrated that its use decreases the rate of ACL injuries in competitive collegiate male soccer players by 77%.[28]