Opioid-Related Hospitalization and Its Association With Chronic Diseases

Findings From the National Inpatient Sample, 2011-2015

Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, PhD; Donglan Zhang, PhD; Heather M Padilla, PhD; Sae Rom Chung, MS


Prev Chronic Dis. 2019;16(11):e157 

In This Article


Patients with chronic conditions such as cancer, stroke, asthma, and obesity often experience chronic pain and have a higher likelihood of receiving one or more opioid prescriptions.[1] In this study, we examined whether the prevalence of opioid-related hospitalization was associated with chronic diseases among inpatients. This study is the first to examine the prevalence of opioid-related hospitalization and chronic disease among patients admitted to community hospitals. Opioid-related inpatient stays[2] have increased, mainly due to opioid abuse, addiction, poisoning, and dependence, resulting from misuse of opioid pain relievers that are often originally prescribed[3] to treat chronic pain.