Opioid-Related Hospitalization and Its Association With Chronic Diseases

Findings From the National Inpatient Sample, 2011-2015

Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, PhD; Donglan Zhang, PhD; Heather M Padilla, PhD; Sae Rom Chung, MS


Prev Chronic Dis. 2019;16(11):e157 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


Chronic disease and opioid-related hospitalizations in the United States are increasing. We analyzed nationally representative data on patients aged 18 years or older from the 2011–2015 National Inpatient Sample to assess the association between opioid-related hospitalization and chronic diseases. We found that most patients with opioid-related hospitalization were white, aged 35–54 years, in urban hospitals, and had 2 or more comorbid conditions. Patients with 2 or more chronic conditions accounted for more than 90% of opioid-related hospitalizations in all years. The results suggest a need for targeted interventions to prevent opioid misuse in patients with multiple chronic conditions.