Biomarkers to Predict the Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

Ward Heggermont; Angelo Auricchio; Marc Vanderheyden


Europace. 2019;21(11):1609-1620. 

In This Article


Different promising candidate biomarkers have arisen that could potentially do the job, albeit maybe in a 'signature panel'. However, large prospective patient cohorts need to be studied and several biomarkers would need to be investigated simultaneously, in order to have a reliable head-to-head comparison. Therefore, important challenges are ahead of us in order to complete the endeavour of finding the optimal biomarker to predict the response to CRT.