Epidemiology and Treatment Modalities for the Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Soum D. Lokeshwar; Benjamin T. Harper; Eric Webb; Andre Jordan; Thomas A. Dykes; Durwood E. Neal Jr; Martha K. Terris; Zachary Klaassen


Transl Androl Urol. 2019;8(5):529-539. 

In This Article


A scientific literature search (utilizing databases of PubMed, Medline, ScienceDirect, etc.) on the most commonly used treatment modalities was performed to determine which management techniques or medications to include in this narrative. Keywords including "benign prostatic hyperplasia epidemiology and management", "lower urinary tract symptoms", "urethral lift", "greenlight therapy", "thulium laser", and "transurethral resection of prostate" were used to specify searches. Emphasis was placed on management techniques mentioned in the AUA guidelines on BPH management. Only peer reviewed articles available in the English language were included. A total of about 100 studies, reviews, narratives or trials were incorporated into this narrative. Studies included were not limited to those performed or published in the United States. Those studies that included randomized control trials (RCTs) or were published with higher impact were weighted heavier in the current therapies section of this review.