Focused Cardiac Ultrasound in the Pediatric Perioperative Setting

Karen R. Boretsky, MD; David B. Kantor, MD, PhD; James A. DiNardo, MD; Achikam Oren-Grinberg, MD


Anesth Analg. 2019;129(4):925-932. 

In This Article


In summary, FoCUS imaging adds value to pediatric perioperative care and can be applied to both healthy children and those with complicated preexisting disease. FoCUS in the pediatric operating room is currently underutilized, but the integration of the FoCUS examination in anesthesia practice can improve care and save time and money. As FoCUS in the pediatric perioperative environment develops, providers must define scope of practice and competency and develop structured programs for ongoing training and credentialing.