Oral Lichen Planus and Thyroid Gland Diseases: Possible Associations

Lazar Kats; Yuli Goldman; Adrian Kahn; Victoria Goldman; Meir Gorsky

Disclosures

BMC Oral Health. 2019;19(169) 

In This Article

Abstract

Background: Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease that commonly affects the oral cavity. Previous reports have suggested a possible association between LP and thyroid gland diseases (TGDs). The purpose of this study was to investigate possible associations between oral lichen planus (OLP) and TGDs.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with OLP, both clinically and histopathologically (N = 102), were classified according to clinical course (symptomatic/asymptomatic), type (reticular/plaque, atrophic and erosive) and location of lesions. Data on TGDs was compared to age- and gender-matched controls (N = 102) without OLP. Diagnosis of any type of TGD and related medication for study and control groups was recorded from the medical files provided by patients' physicians. Statistical analysis used Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test; significance was set at p < 0.05.

Results: TGDs (all), hypothyroidism and related medications were found in 16.6, 12.7 and 12.7% of patients with OLP, respectively. These findings were similar to the control group: TGDs (all) -15.7%, hypothyroidism - 9.8% and thyroid gland disease-related medication - 9.8% (p > 0.05). No significant associations were found between different characteristics of OLP and hypothyroidism or other TGD (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: We found no significant associations between the co-existence of OLP and TGD or related-medications. Our findings are in agreement with some of the previously published similar studies but in controversy with others. Further well-designed, multicenter studies with large groups of patients and controls may help to establish the nature of the associations between OLP and TGDs.

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