Electroconvulsive Therapy for Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia

Diarmid J. M. Sinclair; Sai Zhao; Fang Qi; Kazare Nyakyoma; Joey S. W. Kwong; Clive E. Adams


Schizophr Bull. 2019;45(4):730-732. 

In This Article

Data Collection and Analysis

Two review authors independently extracted data. For binary outcomes, we calculated the risk ratio (RR) and its 95% confidence intervals (CIs), on an intention-to-treat basis. For continuous data, we estimated the mean difference (MD) between the groups and its 95% CIs. We employed the fixed-effect model for all analyses. We assessed risk of bias for the included studies and created "summary of findings" tables using the GRADE framework (Table 1).