Overview of Surgical Techniques in Gender-Affirming Genital Surgery

Mang L. Chen; Polina Reyblat; Melissa M. Poh; Amanda C. Chi


Transl Androl Urol. 2019;8(3):191-208. 

In This Article


Gender related genitourinary surgeries are vitally important in the management of gender dysphoria. Vaginoplasty, metoidioplasty, phalloplasty and their associated surgeries help patients achieve their main goal of aligning their body and mind. These surgeries carry a significant risk as a large percentage of patients will require corrective surgeries from complications that arise. Despite this, there are more patients needing and wanting surgery than there are providers able to perform them. There is also a parallel and exponentially increasing need for patients to find capable care for postoperative issues that arise. Fortunately, there is a favorable trend towards more centers, health systems, and surgeons offering services for TGNC individuals.