Improving Knowledge, Comfort, and Confidence of Nurses Providing End-of-Life Care in the Hospital Setting Through Use of the CARES Tools

Alison Stacy, DNP, RN, AGACNP-BC; Kathy Magdic, DNP, ACNP-BC, FAANP; Margaret Rosenzweig, PhD, FNP-C, AOCNP, FAAN; Bonnie Freeman, DNP, RN, ANP-BC, ACHPN; Denise Verosky, MSN, RN, CNS


Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing. 2019;21(3):200-206. 

In This Article


Findings from this project are similar to those of previous studies that suggested that nurses who receive additional EOL education are more comfortable communicating with dying patients and their families and improve EOL care.[10] Of note, the findings of Moir et al[10] are specific to inexperienced nurses. Although this project did not specifically compare outcomes between nurses based upon years of experience, several new nurses did report particular usefulness of the CARES tools in relation to being new and inexperienced with CMO patients. Data from this project also support the findings in Caswell et al[3] that families of dying patients experience a better QOD when mutual understanding was achieved because of improved communication.