Improving Knowledge, Comfort, and Confidence of Nurses Providing End-of-Life Care in the Hospital Setting Through Use of the CARES Tools

Alison Stacy, DNP, RN, AGACNP-BC; Kathy Magdic, DNP, ACNP-BC, FAANP; Margaret Rosenzweig, PhD, FNP-C, AOCNP, FAAN; Bonnie Freeman, DNP, RN, ANP-BC, ACHPN; Denise Verosky, MSN, RN, CNS


Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing. 2019;21(3):200-206. 

In This Article

Theoretical Framework

This project used the plan-do-study-act cycle of the "Model for Improvement"[13] as the framework to integrate this tool of anticipatory guidance education about the EOL into clinical practice. It can be challenging to integrate new tools and procedures into clinical practice. The plan-do-study-act model guided the process of improvement through (1) planning an improvement initiative, (2) implementing the change, (3) assessing the outcomes, and (4) acting based upon the outcomes.