Evidence-Informed Practical Recommendations for Increasing Physical Activity Among Persons Living With HIV

Jessica L. Montoya; Catherine M. Jankowski; Kelly K. O'Brien; Allison R. Webel; Krisann K. Oursler; Brook L. Henry; David J. Moore; Kristine M. Erlandsong


AIDS. 2019;33(6):931-939. 

In This Article

Interpersonal Barriers

Social factors, including worries about HIV disclosure and stigma[63] and a lack of social support,[64] can also hinder participation in physical activity. Interviews of PLWH who participated in a community-based exercise programme, however, indicated that participants found the environment less stigmatizing than initially feared, suggesting the malleability of social determinants of physical activity engagement. Healthcare providers' recommendations can also play a key role in perceptions and engagement in physical activity among PLWH.[65] When providers only focus on HIV-related health outcomes and do not recommend routine physical activity, PLWH have less recognition of the health benefits of physical activity.[65]