Prognostic Value of Computed Tomography Score in Patients After Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Jeong-Am Ryu; Young Hwan Lee; Chi Ryang Chung; Yang Hyun Cho; Kiick Sung; Kyeongman Jeon; Gee Young Suh; Taek Kyu Park; Joo Myung Lee; Minjung Kathy Chae; Jeong-Ho Hong; Sei Hee Lee; Hyoung Soo Kim; Jeong Hoon Yang

Disclosures

Crit Care. 2018;22(323) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

Abstract

Background: We evaluated whether Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) with some modifications could be used to predict neurological outcomes in patients after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR).

Methods: This was a retrospective, multicenter, observational study of adult unconscious patients who were evaluated by brain computed tomography (CT) within 48 hours after ECPR between May 2010 and December 2016. ASPECTS, bilateral ASPECTS (ASPECTS-b), and modified ASPECTS (mASPECTS) were assessed by ROC curves to predict neurological outcomes. The primary outcome was neurological status upon hospital discharge assessed with the Cerebral Performance Categories (CPC) scale.

Results: Among 58 unconscious patients, survival to discharge was identified in 25 (43.1%) patients. Of these 25 survivors, 19 (32.8%) had good neurological outcomes (CPC score of 1 or 2). Interrater reliability of CT scores was excellent. Intraclass correlation coefficients of ASPECTS, ASPECTS-b, and mASPECTS were 0.918 (95% CI, 0.865–0.950), 0.918 (95% CI, 0.866–0.951), and 0.915 (95% CI, 0.860–0.949), respectively. The predictive performance of mASPECTS for poor neurological outcome was better than that of ASPECTS or ASPECTS-b (C-statistic for mASPECTS vs. ASPECTS, 0.922 vs. 0.812, p = 0.004; mASPECTS vs. ASPECTS-b, 0.922 vs. 0.818, p = 0.003). A cutoff of 25 for poor neurological outcome had a sensitivity of 84.6% (95% CI, 69.5–94.1%) and a specificity of 89.5% (95% CI, 66.9–98.7%) in mASPECTS.

Conclusions: mASPECTS might be useful for predicting neurological outcomes in patients after ECPR.

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