Acute Respiratory Failure and Pulmonary Complications in End-Stage Liver Disease

Nida Qadir, MD; Tisha Wang, MD; Igor Barjaktarevic, MD, PhD; Steven Y. Chang, MD, PhD


Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2018;39(5):546-555. 

In This Article


The subset of patients with ESLD who have pulmonary complications are extremely vulnerable and at high risk for mortality. An understanding of pulmonary diseases specific to ESLD, including HPS, PoPH, and HH, as well as diseases to which ESLD patients are more susceptible is crucial, as managing these patients is complicated and challenging. However, with appropriate management, many of these patients can survive to transplant, after which they have generally favorable outcomes.