Comprehensive Interventions for Reducing Cannabis Use

Judit Tirado-Muñoz; Juan I. Mestre-Pintó; Magí Farré; Francina Fonseca; Marta Torrens

Disclosures

Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2018;31(4):315-323. 

In This Article

Advances in Risk Reduction Approaches

Finally, a review was identified using quality-grade evidence, on modifiable risk factors for adverse health outcomes among cannabis users.[18] A public health tool resulted from the review: the lower risk cannabis use guidelines (LRCUG). The hypothesis behind is that some risky health outcomes derived from cannabis use could be reduced in users by using informed behavioural choices. Authors provided a total of 10 recommendations for low-risk cannabis users, including: first, abstinence is considered the most effective way to avoid cannabis use-related health risks; second, avoiding early age initiation of cannabis use (<16 years); third, low-potency THC or balanced THC-to-cannabidiol-ratio cannabis products are preferred; fourth, abstaining from using synthetic cannabinoids; fifth, giving preference to nonsmoking use methods and avoiding combusted cannabis inhalation; sixth, avoiding deep or other risky inhalation practices; seventh, eluding daily or near-daily frequency of cannabis use; eighth, abstaining from driving during cannabis intoxication; ninth, populations at higher risk for cannabis use-related health problems should avoid use altogether and tenth, abstaining from combining previously mentioned risk behaviours. The LRCUG can be adapted to be used in other sociocultural settings outside North America.

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