Pediatric Chest: A Review of the Must-know Diagnoses

Shreya Sood, MD; Julia Rissmiller, MD; Anastasia Hryhorczuk, MD


Appl Radiol. 2018;47(4):4-14. 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


Diagnostic imaging of the pediatric chest patient differs vastly from that of the adult patient. Both common and rare entities may manifest differently in younger children than in adults. Additionally, the sort of pathology encountered in pediatric patients also varies. Identifying the range of pediatric thoracic abnormalities on various diagnostic modalities is essential to providing optimal care for our pediatric patients. Referring clinicians look to radiologists to provide diagnoses that will direct clinical decision-making. With these aims, this review will cover the "must-know" congenital and acquired lesions in the pediatric chest.