Ketogenic Diet: Which Patients Benefit?

John Watson; Reviewed by: Anya Romanowski, MS, RD


March 20, 2018

In This Article

Food Lists: What's on a Ketogenic Plate?

Defined by its restrictions, KD has a long list of foods that should be limited or avoided, including:

  • Grains and products made from grains (rice, wheat, rye, oats, barley, quinoa, pasta, cereal, pizza)

  • Legumes and beans

  • Starchy vegetables and tubers (peas, corn, potatoes, yams)

  • High-carb fruits; dried fruit (bananas, apples, oranges)

  • Low-fat dairy products

  • Refined fats and oils; vegetable oil

  • Sugar

  • Alcohol

When it comes to what you can have, KD still offers an array of options, including beef, pork, poultry, fish, eggs, cheeses, avocados, olive oil, and coconut oil. Also included is a variety of non-starchy vegetables, such as salad greens, green beans, kale, and broccoli.

Ludwig notes that although these diets are highly restrictive, their high intake of fat can also make them "luscious and satisfying," especially given that they usually don't come with the calorie restrictions of so many other diets.


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