Spiritual Perspective, Mindfulness, and Spiritual Care Practice of Hospice and Palliative Nurses

Patricia Ricci-Allegra, PhD, RN, CPNP-AC/PC

Disclosures

Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing. 2018;20(2):172-179. 

In This Article

Limitations

Limitations exist in the study and need to be considered when interpreting findings. A convenience sample was solicited from HPNA members via an online survey. Convenience sampling cannot control for biases such as only nurses interested in the subject matter responding. The sample size was small (N = 104), yet sufficient based on the power analysis. The sample consisted primarily of white women, with two-thirds reporting a religious affiliation, majority Christian. Generalizability is limited because of the homogeneity of the sample. Only 7% of the sample was 40 years or younger, primarily giving the perspective of nurses older than 40 years. Self-report measures rely on individual perceptions that may not be accurate or valid.[24] Finally, social desirability may influence responses, especially given that spiritual care is a key tenet of palliative care.

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