Relevant Pericardial Effusion Caused by Cytomegalovirus Infection in An Immunocompetent Patient

A Case Report

Tabea Hutter; Dirk Springe; Lukas Ebnöther; Marcos Delgado


J Med Case Reports. 2018;12(14) 

In This Article


Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in immunocompromised patients is known to cause symptomatic disease. In immunocompetent patients, a CMV infection usually proceeds without symptoms or provokes symptoms resembling infectious mononucleosis. However, several reports which consider a more severe clinical course of disease in otherwise healthy people have been published.[1–3] We report the case of a healthy immunocompetent woman who presented in our hospital with hemodynamically relevant pericardial effusion caused by an acute CMV reinfection showing new immunoglobulin M (IgM) seroconversion. This case emphasizes the fact that a CMV infection or reinfection, must be considered as a cause of a pericardial effusion in immunocompetent individuals.