Practice Guidelines for Peanut Allergies

Celeste Sitton, RN, BSN, CMSRN; Heide S. Temples, Phd, APRN, PPCNP-BC

Disclosures

J Pediatr Health Care. 2018;32(1):98-102. 

In This Article

Background

Peanut allergies are one of the most common food allergies among children, affecting up to 3% of children and persisting into adulthood in up to 80% of cases (Du Toit et al., 2015). Not only is peanut allergy common, it is one of the most dangerous allergies because of the potential for anaphylaxis. Peanut allergies are the body's immune response to what it considers a foreign, unwelcome substance. The 2010 and 2015 Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergies in the United States offered no recommendations for allergy prevention because of lack of supporting evidence (Togias et al., 2017). Therefore, families were instructed to recognize symptoms and carry injectable epinephrine at all times to treat a severe reaction. Because of the potentially fatal response to peanuts, affected children and their parents quickly learned to live life diligently checking labels and being on alert for potential triggers.

"Not only is peanut allergy common, it is one of the most dangerous allergies because of the potential for anaphylaxis."

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