A Novel Presentation of Mycobacterium Avium Complex in a Recipient of a Lung Transplant

A Case Report

Leah Cohen; Jeannette Guarner; William R. Hunt


J Med Case Reports. 2017;11(240) 

In This Article


Airway complications following lung transplant are relatively common.[3] In addition, lung transplantation is associated with an increased risk for the development of de novo cancers.[22,23] Given that our patient presented with a new endobronchial mass years after she underwent bilateral lung transplantation, we initially were very concerned for an endobronchial malignancy. However, subsequent biopsy and pathology identified MAC as the etiology of her airway mass. Risk for NTM infection is higher in immunocompromised individuals; however, in individuals following lung transplantation, NTM infection typically presents as pleuropulmonary disease. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of NTM presenting as an endobronchial lesion in a recipient of a lung transplant.