The Future of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Matthias G. Friedrich MD


Eur Heart J. 2017;38(22):1698-1701. 

In This Article


Cardiovascular imaging is an essential component of the diagnostic investigations in clinical cardiology. Imaging is ALSO a major cost factor in medicine; thus, for selecting an imaging technique, an individual, informed decision must be based on accessibility, safety, diagnostic accuracy, cost, and its added value to therapeutic or preventive decision-making. Current imaging techniques use a large range of the electromagnetic frequency spectrum to acquire information:

  • Echocardiography (7–12 MHz)

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (64–128 MHz)

  • Computer tomography (>30 000 000 000 MHz)

  • Nuclear cardiology including single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) (>10 000 000 000 000 MHz)