Peripheral Arteriovenous Malformations: Classification and Endovascular Treatment

Kenrick Lam, MD; Anil Pillai, MD; Mark Reddick, MD


Appl Radiol. 2017;46(5):15-21. 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


In this review we cover the classification and endovascular management of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). We begin by viewing AVMs in relation to the broader class of congenital vascular malformations and subsequently go into more depth on the clinical and pathologic characteristics that define AVMs. We then focus on the endovascular treatment options for peripheral AVMs and summarize the functional characteristics of the sclerosants and embolic agents available to clinicians today.