Optimizing the Use of Cangrelor in the Real World

Arman Qamar; Deepak L. Bhatt

Disclosures

Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2017;17(1):5-16. 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

Abstract

Thrombotic events such as myocardial infarction or stent thrombosis are the major cause of adverse outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). While current antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants, and PCI techniques have reduced the risk of thrombotic events in PCI-treated patients, a considerable hazard still remains. Cangrelor is an intravenous P2Y12 receptor antagonist that provides a rapid onset and maximal platelet inhibition, which is quickly reversible. In the large-scale CHAMPION PHOENIX trial, cangrelor was shown to reduce ischemic events significantly, including myocardial infarction and stent thrombosis, without increasing the risk of severe bleeding across the full spectrum of patients undergoing PCI, with substantial benefits in all patient subgroups examined. The pharmacologic profile of cangrelor makes it a valuable addition to the armamentarium of physicians providing care to a broad range of patients with coronary artery disease. Cangrelor is currently approved for reducing thrombotic events in patients undergoing PCI who have not been pretreated with a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor and are not receiving a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor. Future studies are needed to determine the role of cangrelor in other clinical settings, such as upstream therapy in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), and as a bridge to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or other non-cardiac surgeries in patients who require ongoing adenosine diphosphate receptor blockade.

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