Severe Thrombocytopenia in a Child With Typhoid Fever: A Case Report

Mohammed Al Reesi; Glenn Stephens; Brendan McMullan


J Med Case Reports. 2016;10(333) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


Background: Although thrombocytopenia is common in typhoid fever, its course, response to treatment, and need for specific therapies such as platelet transfusion are not well characterized.

Case presentation: We report a case of typhoid fever in a 4-year-old Asian male returned traveler, admitted with prolonged fever and found to have severe thrombocytopenia (platelets 16 × 109/L). Despite appropriate antibiotic therapy, his platelet recovery was slow, but did not lead to complications and he did not require platelet transfusion.

Conclusions: There is no consensus in the medical literature guiding the optimal management of severe thrombocytopenia in typhoid fever, but it may improve with conservative management, as in our case. The epidemiology and management of this condition merits further research to guide clinical practice.