Medication Adherence in Children and Adolescents

A Review of the Recent Literature

Marcia L. Buck, PharmD, FCCP, FPPAG


Pediatr Pharm. 2016;22(7) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


Medication adherence, the degree to which the patient takes his or her medication according to the treatment plan, is dependent on a variety of factors, including the patient's health beliefs, understanding of the rationale for the medication and goals of treatment, as well as the ability to accurately interpret administration instructions. In children, medication adherence is often complicated by the involvement of multiple family members and care providers; while in adolescents, the transition to self-care can be a significant challenge to maintaining consistent treatment.[1] This issue highlights the growing body of literature addressing these challenges, including recent papers describing tools for improving medication adherence.