Comparative Effectiveness of Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir ± Ribavirinvs. Ombitasvir/Paritaprevir/Ritonavir + Dasabuvir ± Ribavirin in 6961 Genotype 1 Patients Treated in Routine Medical Practice

L. I. Backus; P. S. Belperio; ; T. A. Shahoumian; T. P. Loomis; L. A. Mole

Disclosures

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2016;44(4):400-410. 

In This Article

Results

In total, 6961 patients with HCV genotype 1 initiated LDV/SOF ± RBV (n = 5747) or OPrD ± RBV (n = 1214) at 126 VA facilities. The mean age for the cohort was 61.4 years, 96.3% were male, 36.0% were African-American, 31.5% had diabetes, 3.2% had a history of decompensated liver disease, 23.6% were treatment experienced, 35.4% had a BMI ≥30 kg/m2, and 29.5% had a FIB-4 > 3.25.

Baseline characteristics for the cohort by regimen appear in Table 1 . For the cohort, 64.3% (n = 4478) received LDV/SOF, 18.2% (n = 1269) received LDV/SOF + RBV, 4.3% (n = 297) received OPrD and 13.2% (n = 917) received OPrD + RBV. Patients who received LDV/SOF+RBV were most likely to be treatment-experienced and to have markers of advanced liver disease including a history of decompensated liver disease, lower mean platelet count, higher mean FIB-4 score, and FIB-4 > 3.25.

Among patients who received LDV/SOF, 3.6% (n = 159) discontinued treatment before 8 weeks, 32.7% (n = 1464) received 8 weeks, 1.7% (n = 77) discontinued treatment between 8 and 12 weeks and 62.0% (n = 2778) received 12 weeks. In total, 94.7% completed either an 8 or 12 week course. Among people who received LDV/SOF + RBV, 8.1% (103/1269) discontinued treatment prior to completing 12 weeks. Among patients who received OPrD or OPrD+RBV, 11.4% (34/297) and 15.2% (140/917) of patients, respectively, discontinued treatment prior to completing a 12 week course. Significantly more patients receiving OPrD + RBV discontinued treatment prior to completing a 12-week course compared to those receiving LDV/SOF + RBV (P < 0.001).

Sustained virological response results were available for 94.0% (n = 6542) of patients in the cohort, including 24 patients who died while on treatment or shortly after who were categorised as no SVR. Four hundred nineteen patients whose last HCV RNA was undetectable, but occurred while still on treatment (n = 123) or less than 10 weeks after the EOT (n = 296), were excluded from the SVR analysis. Three hundred five patients had an undetectable HCV RNA obtained 10–11 weeks after the EOT and were included in the SVR analysis for reasons described previously.

Among 4170 LDV/SOF patients 91.4% achieved SVR; among 1220 LDV/SOF + RBV patients 90.0% achieved SVR; among 283 OPrD patients 95.1% achieved SVR and among 869 OPrD + RBV patients 85.8% achieved SVR ( Table 2 ). For patients who received LDV/SOF, the SVR rates differed statistically based on categories of race/ethnicity, BMI, and FIB-4. For patients who received LDV/SOF + RBV, the SVR rates differed statistically based on proton pump inhibitor use and FIB-4. No statistically significant differences in SVR were observed according to baseline patient characteristics among patients receiving either OPrD or OPrD + RBV, and responses were generally similar to that observed in the overall population. SVR data for treatment naïve and experienced patients by subgroup can be found in Table S1A and B.

For patients who completed an 8 week course of LDV/SOF or a 12 week course of LDV/SOF ± RBV or OPrD ± RBV, SVR rates were consistently higher overall and among subgroups when compared to the intention-to-treat SVR rates ( Table 3 ). With regard to the impact of treatment duration among patients who received LDV/SOF, the SVR rate in those who received 8 weeks was 91.7% (1223/1333) and 94.6% (2475/2615) in those who received 12 weeks. An SVR rate of 92.2% (1033/1120) was achieved in patients completing 12 weeks of LDV/SOF + RBV and 95.5% (705/738) in those completing 12 weeks of OPrD+RBV. In genotype 1b patients who received 12 weeks of OPrD, an SVR rate of 98.0% (248/253) was achieved. In 1098 patients who met the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) labelling considerations for a shortened LDV/SOF course consisting of treatment-naïve, without cirrhosis (defined as FIB-4 ≤ 3.25), and a baseline HCV RNA <6 000 000 IU/mL and who completed 8 weeks of LDV/SOF therapy, the SVR rate was 93.2% (1023/1098). In 905 patients who also met the FDA considerations for a shortened LDV/SOF course but nevertheless received 12 weeks of LDV/SOF therapy, the SVR rate was 96.6% (874/905)(P = 0.001 compared to 8 week course).

In multivariate analysis, significant independent predictors of decreased odds of SVR were African American race (OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.59–0.86, P < 0.001), BMI ≥30 kg/m2 (OR 0.73, 95% CI 0.60–0.89, P = 0.002), FIB-4 > 3.25 (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.49–0.72, P < 0.001) and use of OPrD + RBV compared to LDV/SOF (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.48–0.76, P < 0.001) ( Table 4 ). Genotype subtype 1b was an independent predictor of increased odds of SVR (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.11–1.71, P = 0.003). Age, gender, diabetes, history of decompensated liver disease and treatment experience did not predict SVR. In the sensitivity analysis proton pump inhibitor use was not associated with a difference in the odds of achieving SVR (0.85, 95% CI 0.71–1.03, P = 0.09). In models limited to patients receiving 12 weeks of treatment, only BMI ≥30 kg/m2 (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.49–0.88, P = 0.004) and FIB4 > 3.25 remained significant (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.35–0.60, P < 0.001).

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