Occupation and Risk of Non-hodgkin Lymphoma and Its Subtypes

A Pooled Analysis From the InterLymph Consortium

Andrea 't Mannetje; Anneclaire J. De Roos; Paolo Boffetta; Roel Vermeulen; Geza Benke; Lin Fritschi; Paul Brennan; Lenka Foretova; Marc Maynadié; Nikolaus Becker; Alexandra Nieters; Anthony Staines; Marcello Campagna; Brian Chiu; Jacqueline Clavel; Silvia de Sanjose; Patricia Hartge; Elizabeth A. Holly; Paige Bracci; Martha S. Linet; Alain Monnereau; Laurent Orsi; Mark P. Purdue; Nathaniel Rothman; Qing Lan; Eleanor Kane; Adele Seniori Costantini; Lucia Miligi; John J. Spinelli; Tongzhang Zheng; Pierluigi Cocco; Anne Kricker


Environ Health Perspect. 2016;124(4):396-405. 

In This Article


This pooled analysis supports a role for textile-, hairdressing-, and farming-related exposures in the development of NHL. Additional occupations associated with NHL or NHL subtypes include cleaners, painters, printers, and wood workers. The results by sex indicate that occupational exposures may play a role in NHL for both women and men, but the specific occupations involved differ between the sexes. The large numbers of participants and the application of standard NHL and occupational classification systems allowed us to make estimates of relative risk by NHL subtype, forming an important step towards improving our understanding of NHL etiology. The findings of the present study can be further refined at the next stage, after specific exposures are identified in detailed exposure studies.